UK inflation rate in 1848: -12.84%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1848 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power increased by 12.84% in 1848 compared to 1847. On average, you would have to spend 12.84% less money in 1848 than in 1847 for the same item. This is an example of deflation.

In other words, £1 in 1847 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £0.87 in 1848.

The 1847 inflation rate was 12.37%. The inflation rate in 1848 was -12.84%. The 1848 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.83% per year between 1848 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1848 was 9.50. It was 10.90 in the previous year, 1847. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation. Because the 1848 CPI is less than 1847 CPI, negative inflation (also known as deflation) has occurred.

Inflation from 1847 to 1848
Average inflation rate -12.84%
Converted amount (£1 base) £0.87
Price difference (£1 base) £-0.13
CPI in 1847 10.900
CPI in 1848 9.500
Inflation in 1847 12.37%
Inflation in 1848 -12.84%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1847 to 1848

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1848CPI in 1847
1847 GBP value
1848 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 10.9 in the year 1847 and 9.5 in 1848:


£1 in 1847 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £0.87 in 1848.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1847 and 1848, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1848 - CPI in 1847CPI in 1847
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.5 - 10.910.9

News headlines from 1847

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The US Government purchases Samuel Colt's revolver pistol for the first time.
  • Mexico City is captured by United States General Winfield Scott during the Mexican-American War

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1848 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 18 Apr. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

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