UK inflation rate in 1847: 12.37%

UK Inflation Calculator


Inflation in 1847 and Its Effect on Pound Value

Purchasing power decreased by 12.37% in 1847 compared to 1846. On average, you would have to spend 12.37% more money in 1847 than in 1846 for the same item.

In other words, £1 in 1846 is equivalent in purchasing power to about £1.12 in 1847.

The 1846 inflation rate was 4.30%. The inflation rate in 1847 was 12.37%. The 1847 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.73% per year between 1847 and 2019.

Inflation rate is calculated by change in the composite price index (CPI). The CPI in 1847 was 10.90. It was 9.70 in the previous year, 1846. The difference in CPI between the years is used by the Office for National Statistics to officially determine inflation.

Inflation from 1846 to 1847
Average inflation rate 12.37%
Converted amount (£1 base) £1.12
Price difference (£1 base) £0.12
CPI in 1846 9.700
CPI in 1847 10.900
Inflation in 1846 4.30%
Inflation in 1847 12.37%

UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.

How to Calculate Inflation Rate for £1, 1846 to 1847

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1847CPI in 1846
1846 GBP value
1847 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9.7 in the year 1846 and 10.9 in 1847:


£1 in 1846 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £1.12 in 1847.

To get the total inflation rate for the 1 years between 1846 and 1847, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1847 - CPI in 1846CPI in 1846
Cumulative inflation rate (1 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

10.9 - 9.79.7

News headlines from 1846

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Mexican-American war begins over conflict about the Texas border.
  • Smithsonian Institution established by an Act of Congress.
  • American dentist Dr William Morton used anaesthetic for the first time, while extracting a tooth.
  • Michigan abolishes the death penalty for all crimes except treason.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1847 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 19 Apr. 2019,

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images. is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.

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