Bread priced at $5 in 2000 $8.33 in 2018

Historical Price Inflation for Bread

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Prices for Bread, 2000-2018 ($5)

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, prices for bread were 66.50% higher in 2018 versus 2000 (a $3.33 difference in value).

Between 2000 and 2018: Bread experienced an average inflation rate of 2.87% per year. This rate of change indicates significant inflation. In other words, bread costing $5 in the year 2000 would cost $8.33 in 2018 for an equivalent purchase. Compared to the overall inflation rate of 2.11% during this same period, inflation for bread was higher.

In the year 2000: Pricing changed by 3.42%, which is above the average yearly change for bread during the 2000-2018 time period. Compared to inflation for all items in 2000 (3.38%), inflation for bread was higher.

Price Inflation for Bread since 1997

Consumer Price Index, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Years with the largest changes in pricing: 2008 (14.61%), 2007 (7.44%), and 2011 (5.58%).

Raw Consumer Price Index data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for Bread:

Year 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
CPI 100.000 101.108 103.815 107.362 112.531 115.362 118.515 121.138 126.238 130.392 140.094 160.559 162.576 159.759 168.673 173.391 176.765 176.423 178.654 178.453 178.285 178.760

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Buying power of $5 since 2000

Below are calculations of equivalent buying power for Bread, over time, for $5 beginning in 2000. Each of the amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
2000 $5.00 3.42%
2001 $5.24 4.81%
2002 $5.37 2.52%
2003 $5.52 2.73%
2004 $5.64 2.21%
2005 $5.88 4.21%
2006 $6.07 3.29%
2007 $6.52 7.44%
2008 $7.48 14.61%
2009 $7.57 1.26%
2010 $7.44 -1.73%
2011 $7.86 5.58%
2012 $8.08 2.80%
2013 $8.23 1.95%
2014 $8.22 -0.19%
2015 $8.32 1.26%
2016 $8.31 -0.11%
2017 $8.30 -0.09%
2018 $8.33 0.27%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

How to calculate the inflation rate for bread, 2000-2018

Start with the inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 2000 * 2000 USD value = 2018 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values from above. The CPI for Bread was 107.362 in the year 2000 and 178.760 in 2018:

178.760 / 107.362 * $5 = $8.33

Therefore, according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, $5 in 2000 has the same "purchasing power" as $8.33 in 2018 (in the CPI category of Bread).


Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics began tracking the Consumer Price Index for Bread in 1997. In addition to bread, the index produces monthly data on changes in prices paid by urban consumers for a variety of goods and services.

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