$1 in 1990 → $1.87 in 2017

Inflation Calculator

$
👉 You may be interested in $1 in 1990 → 2018

U.S. Inflation Rate, $1 in 1990 to 2017

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, the dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.35% per year. Prices in 2017 are 87.00% higher than prices in 1990.

In other words, $1 in 1990 is equivalent in purchasing power to $1.87 in 2017, a difference of $0.87 over 27 years.

The inflation rate in 2017 was 1.99%.

Inflation from 1990 to 2017
Cumulative price change 87.00%
Average inflation rate 2.35%
Converted amount ($1 base) $1.87
Price difference ($1 base) $0.87
CPI in 1990 130.7
CPI in 2017 244.786


U.S. inflation from 1913 to 2018


The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the Core CPI, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged 2.30% per year between 1990 and 2017 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.35%).

When using the core inflation measurement, $1 in 1990 is equivalent in buying power to $189.22 in 2017, a difference of $89.22. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is $1.87 with a difference of $0.87.

In 1990, core inflation was 5.03%.


CPI is the weighted combination of many categories. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1990 and 2017.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.35% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) $1 in 1990 → 2017
Food 2.38 1.89
Shelter 2.84 2.13
Energy 2.61 2.01
Apparel 0.05 1.01
New vehicles 0.71 1.21
Used cars and trucks 0.60 1.18
Transportation services 2.88 2.15
Medical care services 4.30 3.12
Medical care commodities 3.15 2.31

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1990. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.


Inflation rates for specific categories

San Francisco, California · Alcoholic beverages · Electricity · More

Inflation-adjusted measures

S&P 500 price · S&P 500 earnings · Shiller P/E

How to calculate the inflation rate for $1, 1990 to 2017

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017 / CPI in 1990 * 1990 USD value = 2017 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 130.7 in the year 1990 and 244.786 in 2017:

244.786 / 130.7 * $1 = $1.87

$1 in 1990 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1.87 in 2017.


Buying power of $1 since 1990

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $1 in 1990 (price index tracking began in 1913).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1990 $1.00 5.40%
1991 $1.04 4.21%
1992 $1.07 3.01%
1993 $1.11 2.99%
1994 $1.13 2.56%
1995 $1.17 2.83%
1996 $1.20 2.95%
1997 $1.23 2.29%
1998 $1.25 1.56%
1999 $1.27 2.21%
2000 $1.32 3.36%
2001 $1.36 2.85%
2002 $1.38 1.58%
2003 $1.41 2.28%
2004 $1.45 2.66%
2005 $1.49 3.39%
2006 $1.54 3.23%
2007 $1.59 2.85%
2008 $1.65 3.84%
2009 $1.64 -0.36%
2010 $1.67 1.64%
2011 $1.72 3.16%
2012 $1.76 2.07%
2013 $1.78 1.46%
2014 $1.81 1.62%
2015 $1.81 0.12%
2016 $1.84 1.26%
2017 $1.87 1.99%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

News headlines from 1990

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Nelson Mandela is released having spent 27 years in South African prison.
  • The Hubble Space Telescope takes its first photos from space.
  • Dr Penny Jamieson, becomes the first woman to be made an Anglican Bishop, in New Zeeland
  • The United States sends troops to Saudi Arabia, marking the beginning of Operation Desert Shield.

Inflation can vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1990 would be equivalent to £2.16 in 2017, an absolute change of £1.16 and a cumulative change of 216.01%.

In Canada, CA$1.00 in 1990 would be equivalent to CA$1.63 in 2017, an absolute change of CA$0.63 and a cumulative change of 163.20%.

Compare these numbers to the US's absolute change of $0.87 and percent change of 87.00%.


Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$1 in 1990 → 2017 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 20 Jul. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1990-dollars-in-2017?amount=1.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


» Read more about inflation.