$100 in 1880 → $2,353.01 in 2016

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1880 to 2016

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2016 are 2,253.01% higher than prices in 1880. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.35% per year during this period.

In other words, $100 in 1880 is equivalent in purchasing power to $2,353.01 in 2016, a difference of $2,253.01 over 136 years.

The 1880 inflation rate was 2.00%. The inflation rate in 2016 was 1.26%. The 2016 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.48% per year between 2016 and 2018.


Inflation from 1880 to 2016
Cumulative price change 2,253.01%
Average inflation rate 2.35%
Converted amount ($100 base) $2,353.01
Price difference ($100 base) $2,253.01
CPI in 1880 10.200
CPI in 2016 240.007
Inflation in 1880 2.00%
Inflation in 2016 1.26%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $100 since 1880

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $100 in 1880 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1880 $100.00 2.00%
1881 $100.00 0.00%
1882 $100.00 0.00%
1883 $99.02 -0.98%
1884 $96.08 -2.97%
1885 $95.10 -1.02%
1886 $92.16 -3.09%
1887 $93.14 1.06%
1888 $93.14 0.00%
1889 $90.20 -3.16%
1890 $89.22 -1.09%
1891 $89.22 0.00%
1892 $89.22 0.00%
1893 $88.24 -1.10%
1894 $84.31 -4.44%
1895 $82.35 -2.33%
1896 $82.35 0.00%
1897 $81.37 -1.19%
1898 $81.37 0.00%
1899 $81.37 0.00%
1900 $82.35 1.20%
1901 $83.33 1.19%
1902 $84.31 1.18%
1903 $86.27 2.33%
1904 $87.25 1.14%
1905 $86.27 -1.12%
1906 $88.24 2.27%
1907 $92.16 4.44%
1908 $90.20 -2.13%
1909 $89.22 -1.09%
1910 $93.14 4.40%
1911 $93.14 0.00%
1912 $95.10 2.11%
1913 $97.06 2.06%
1914 $98.04 1.01%
1915 $99.02 1.00%
1916 $106.86 7.92%
1917 $125.49 17.43%
1918 $148.04 17.97%
1919 $169.61 14.57%
1920 $196.08 15.61%
1921 $175.49 -10.50%
1922 $164.71 -6.15%
1923 $167.65 1.79%
1924 $167.65 0.00%
1925 $171.57 2.34%
1926 $173.53 1.14%
1927 $170.59 -1.69%
1928 $167.65 -1.72%
1929 $167.65 0.00%
1930 $163.73 -2.34%
1931 $149.02 -8.98%
1932 $134.31 -9.87%
1933 $127.45 -5.11%
1934 $131.37 3.08%
1935 $134.31 2.24%
1936 $136.27 1.46%
1937 $141.18 3.60%
1938 $138.24 -2.08%
1939 $136.27 -1.42%
1940 $137.25 0.72%
1941 $144.12 5.00%
1942 $159.80 10.88%
1943 $169.61 6.13%
1944 $172.55 1.73%
1945 $176.47 2.27%
1946 $191.18 8.33%
1947 $218.63 14.36%
1948 $236.27 8.07%
1949 $233.33 -1.24%
1950 $236.27 1.26%
1951 $254.90 7.88%
1952 $259.80 1.92%
1953 $261.76 0.75%
1954 $263.73 0.75%
1955 $262.75 -0.37%
1956 $266.67 1.49%
1957 $275.49 3.31%
1958 $283.33 2.85%
1959 $285.29 0.69%
1960 $290.20 1.72%
1961 $293.14 1.01%
1962 $296.08 1.00%
1963 $300.00 1.32%
1964 $303.92 1.31%
1965 $308.82 1.61%
1966 $317.65 2.86%
1967 $327.45 3.09%
1968 $341.18 4.19%
1969 $359.80 5.46%
1970 $380.39 5.72%
1971 $397.06 4.38%
1972 $409.80 3.21%
1973 $435.29 6.22%
1974 $483.33 11.04%
1975 $527.45 9.13%
1976 $557.84 5.76%
1977 $594.12 6.50%
1978 $639.22 7.59%
1979 $711.76 11.35%
1980 $807.84 13.50%
1981 $891.18 10.32%
1982 $946.08 6.16%
1983 $976.47 3.21%
1984 $1,018.63 4.32%
1985 $1,054.90 3.56%
1986 $1,074.51 1.86%
1987 $1,113.73 3.65%
1988 $1,159.80 4.14%
1989 $1,215.69 4.82%
1990 $1,281.37 5.40%
1991 $1,335.29 4.21%
1992 $1,375.49 3.01%
1993 $1,416.67 2.99%
1994 $1,452.94 2.56%
1995 $1,494.12 2.83%
1996 $1,538.24 2.95%
1997 $1,573.53 2.29%
1998 $1,598.04 1.56%
1999 $1,633.33 2.21%
2000 $1,688.24 3.36%
2001 $1,736.27 2.85%
2002 $1,763.73 1.58%
2003 $1,803.92 2.28%
2004 $1,851.96 2.66%
2005 $1,914.71 3.39%
2006 $1,976.47 3.23%
2007 $2,032.76 2.85%
2008 $2,110.81 3.84%
2009 $2,103.30 -0.36%
2010 $2,137.80 1.64%
2011 $2,205.28 3.16%
2012 $2,250.92 2.07%
2013 $2,283.89 1.46%
2014 $2,320.94 1.62%
2015 $2,323.70 0.12%
2016 $2,353.01 1.26%
2017 $2,403.14 2.13%
2018 $2,470.96 2.82%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1880 would be equivalent to £11,035.53 in 2016, an absolute change of £10,935.53 and a cumulative change of 10,935.53%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $2,253.01 and total percent change of 2,253.01%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1880 and 2016.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.35% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 1880 → 2016
Food 3.17 6,906.27 7,006.27
Shelter 4.13 24,516.80 24,616.80
Energy 3.76 15,028.80 15,128.80
Apparel 2.09 1,576.68 1,676.68
New vehicles 1.14 365.17 465.17
Used cars and trucks 0.76 181.24 281.24
Transportation services 3.34 8,563.65 8,663.65
Medical care services 5.18 96,058.23 96,158.23
Medical care commodities 4.38 33,916.80 34,016.80

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1880. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100, 1880 to 2016

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2016CPI in 1880
×
1880 USD value
=
2016 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 10.2 in the year 1880 and 240.007 in 2016:

240.00710.2
×
$100
=
$2,353.01

$100 in 1880 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $2,353.01 in 2016.

To get the total inflation rate for the 136 years between 1880 and 2016, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2016 - CPI in 1880CPI in 1880
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (136 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

240.007 - 10.210.2
×
100
=
2,253%

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.35% has a compounding effect between 1880 and 2016. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 2,253.01% over 136 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $100 in the S&P 500 index in 1880, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $14,570,724.23 in 2016. This is a return on investment of 14,570,624.23%, with an absolute return of $14,570,624.23.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 95.75% of returns ($13,951,390.76) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $100 investment is $619,233.47.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1880-2016
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $100 $14,570,724.23 14,570,624.23%
Real
Inflation Adjusted
$100 $619,233.47 619,233.47%


News headlines from 1880

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Construction begins on the Panama Canal.
  • The United States constructs its first dedicated sewage system in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • The Salvation Army is formed in London.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “1880 dollars in 2016 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 12 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1880-dollars-in-2016.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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