$7,000,000 in 1873 → $140,004,083.33 in 2016

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $7,000,000 in 1873 to 2016

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2016 are 1,900.06% higher than prices in 1873. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.12% per year during this period.

In other words, $7,000,000 in 1873 is equivalent in purchasing power to $140,004,083.33 in 2016, a difference of $133,004,083.33 over 143 years.

The 1873 inflation rate was -1.64%. The inflation rate in 2016 was 1.26%. The 2016 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.50% per year between 2016 and 2018.


Inflation from 1873 to 2016
Cumulative price change 1900.06%
Average inflation rate 2.12%
Converted amount ($7,000,000 base) $140,004,083.33
Price difference ($7,000,000 base) $133,004,083.33
CPI in 1873 12
CPI in 2016 240.007
Inflation in 1873 -1.64%
Inflation in 2016 1.26%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $7,000,000 since 1873

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $7,000,000 in 1873 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1873 $7,000,000.00 -1.64%
1874 $6,650,000.00 -5.00%
1875 $6,416,666.67 -3.51%
1876 $6,241,666.67 -2.73%
1877 $6,125,000.00 -1.87%
1878 $5,833,333.33 -4.76%
1879 $5,833,333.33 0.00%
1880 $5,950,000.00 2.00%
1881 $5,950,000.00 0.00%
1882 $5,950,000.00 0.00%
1883 $5,891,666.67 -0.98%
1884 $5,716,666.67 -2.97%
1885 $5,658,333.33 -1.02%
1886 $5,483,333.33 -3.09%
1887 $5,541,666.67 1.06%
1888 $5,541,666.67 0.00%
1889 $5,366,666.67 -3.16%
1890 $5,308,333.33 -1.09%
1891 $5,308,333.33 0.00%
1892 $5,308,333.33 0.00%
1893 $5,250,000.00 -1.10%
1894 $5,016,666.67 -4.44%
1895 $4,900,000.00 -2.33%
1896 $4,900,000.00 0.00%
1897 $4,841,666.67 -1.19%
1898 $4,841,666.67 0.00%
1899 $4,841,666.67 0.00%
1900 $4,900,000.00 1.20%
1901 $4,958,333.33 1.19%
1902 $5,016,666.67 1.18%
1903 $5,133,333.33 2.33%
1904 $5,191,666.67 1.14%
1905 $5,133,333.33 -1.12%
1906 $5,250,000.00 2.27%
1907 $5,483,333.33 4.44%
1908 $5,366,666.67 -2.13%
1909 $5,308,333.33 -1.09%
1910 $5,541,666.67 4.40%
1911 $5,541,666.67 0.00%
1912 $5,658,333.33 2.11%
1913 $5,775,000.00 2.06%
1914 $5,833,333.33 1.01%
1915 $5,891,666.67 1.00%
1916 $6,358,333.33 7.92%
1917 $7,466,666.67 17.43%
1918 $8,808,333.33 17.97%
1919 $10,091,666.67 14.57%
1920 $11,666,666.67 15.61%
1921 $10,441,666.67 -10.50%
1922 $9,800,000.00 -6.15%
1923 $9,975,000.00 1.79%
1924 $9,975,000.00 0.00%
1925 $10,208,333.33 2.34%
1926 $10,325,000.00 1.14%
1927 $10,150,000.00 -1.69%
1928 $9,975,000.00 -1.72%
1929 $9,975,000.00 0.00%
1930 $9,741,666.67 -2.34%
1931 $8,866,666.67 -8.98%
1932 $7,991,666.67 -9.87%
1933 $7,583,333.33 -5.11%
1934 $7,816,666.67 3.08%
1935 $7,991,666.67 2.24%
1936 $8,108,333.33 1.46%
1937 $8,400,000.00 3.60%
1938 $8,225,000.00 -2.08%
1939 $8,108,333.33 -1.42%
1940 $8,166,666.67 0.72%
1941 $8,575,000.00 5.00%
1942 $9,508,333.33 10.88%
1943 $10,091,666.67 6.13%
1944 $10,266,666.67 1.73%
1945 $10,500,000.00 2.27%
1946 $11,375,000.00 8.33%
1947 $13,008,333.33 14.36%
1948 $14,058,333.33 8.07%
1949 $13,883,333.33 -1.24%
1950 $14,058,333.33 1.26%
1951 $15,166,666.67 7.88%
1952 $15,458,333.33 1.92%
1953 $15,575,000.00 0.75%
1954 $15,691,666.67 0.75%
1955 $15,633,333.33 -0.37%
1956 $15,866,666.67 1.49%
1957 $16,391,666.67 3.31%
1958 $16,858,333.33 2.85%
1959 $16,975,000.00 0.69%
1960 $17,266,666.67 1.72%
1961 $17,441,666.67 1.01%
1962 $17,616,666.67 1.00%
1963 $17,850,000.00 1.32%
1964 $18,083,333.33 1.31%
1965 $18,375,000.00 1.61%
1966 $18,900,000.00 2.86%
1967 $19,483,333.33 3.09%
1968 $20,300,000.00 4.19%
1969 $21,408,333.33 5.46%
1970 $22,633,333.33 5.72%
1971 $23,625,000.00 4.38%
1972 $24,383,333.33 3.21%
1973 $25,900,000.00 6.22%
1974 $28,758,333.33 11.04%
1975 $31,383,333.33 9.13%
1976 $33,191,666.67 5.76%
1977 $35,350,000.00 6.50%
1978 $38,033,333.33 7.59%
1979 $42,350,000.00 11.35%
1980 $48,066,666.67 13.50%
1981 $53,025,000.00 10.32%
1982 $56,291,666.67 6.16%
1983 $58,100,000.00 3.21%
1984 $60,608,333.33 4.32%
1985 $62,766,666.67 3.56%
1986 $63,933,333.33 1.86%
1987 $66,266,666.67 3.65%
1988 $69,008,333.33 4.14%
1989 $72,333,333.33 4.82%
1990 $76,241,666.67 5.40%
1991 $79,450,000.00 4.21%
1992 $81,841,666.67 3.01%
1993 $84,291,666.67 2.99%
1994 $86,450,000.00 2.56%
1995 $88,900,000.00 2.83%
1996 $91,525,000.00 2.95%
1997 $93,625,000.00 2.29%
1998 $95,083,333.33 1.56%
1999 $97,183,333.33 2.21%
2000 $100,450,000.00 3.36%
2001 $103,308,333.33 2.85%
2002 $104,941,666.67 1.58%
2003 $107,333,333.33 2.28%
2004 $110,191,666.67 2.66%
2005 $113,925,000.00 3.39%
2006 $117,600,000.00 3.23%
2007 $120,949,500.00 2.85%
2008 $125,593,416.67 3.84%
2009 $125,146,583.33 -0.36%
2010 $127,199,333.33 1.64%
2011 $131,214,416.67 3.16%
2012 $133,929,833.33 2.07%
2013 $135,891,583.33 1.46%
2014 $138,096,000.00 1.62%
2015 $138,259,916.67 0.12%
2016 $140,004,083.33 1.26%
2017 $142,986,666.67 2.13%
2018 $147,085,166.67 2.87%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £7,000,000.00 in 1873 would be equivalent to £698,209,615.38 in 2016, an absolute change of £691,209,615.38 and a cumulative change of 9,874.42%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $133,004,083.33 and total percent change of 1,900.06%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1873 and 2016.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.12% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $7,000,000 in 1873 → 2016
Food 3.17 8,619.17 610,341,867.72
Shelter 4.13 32,582.08 2,287,745,311.52
Energy 3.76 19,488.46 1,371,192,034.59
Apparel 2.09 1,838.53 135,697,127.41
New vehicles 1.14 403.47 35,243,002.79
Used cars and trucks 0.76 196.61 20,762,724.77
Transportation services 3.34 10,800.23 763,016,239.98
Medical care services 5.18 136,837.54 9,585,627,968.81
Medical care commodities 4.38 45,819.93 3,214,395,306.04

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1873. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $7,000,000, 1873 to 2016

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2016CPI in 1873
×
1873 USD value
=
2016 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12 in the year 1873 and 240.007 in 2016:

240.00712
×
$7,000,000
=
$140,004,083.33

$7,000,000 in 1873 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $140,004,083.33 in 2016.

To get the total inflation rate for the 143 years between 1873 and 2016, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2016 - CPI in 1873CPI in 1873
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (143 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

240.007 - 1212
×
100
=
1,900%

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.12% during these years has a compounding effect. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate produces an overall price difference of 1,900.06% over 143 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if you had invested $7,000,000 in the S&P 500 index in 1873, your investment would be worth approximately $1,618,709,328,900.77 in 2016. This is a change of 23,124,318.98%.

This means the nominal return on a $7,000,000 investment is $1,618,702,328,900.77, but inflation would eat into your real returns.

Inflation would account for 95.00% of your returns ($1,537,769,572,994.44), for an inflation-adjusted real return of about $80,932,755,906.32.


News headlines from 1873

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The first Battle of the Stronghold takes place where the US Army is defeated by a group of Modoc warriors.
  • John Morseby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea and claims it for Britain.
  • Sultan Bargash closes the slave market of Zanzibar.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$7,000,000 in 1873 → 2016 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 16 Oct. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1873-dollars-in-2016?amount=7000000.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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