$2,000 in 1871 → $40,183.61 in 2017

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $2,000 in 1871 to 2017

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2017 are 1,909.18% higher than prices in 1871. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.08% per year during this period.

In other words, $2,000 in 1871 is equivalent in purchasing power to $40,183.61 in 2017, a difference of $38,183.61 over 146 years.

The 1871 inflation rate was -6.87%. The inflation rate in 2017 was 2.13%. The 2017 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.82% per year between 2017 and 2018.


Inflation from 1871 to 2017
Cumulative price change 1,909.18%
Average inflation rate 2.08%
Converted amount ($2,000 base) $40,183.61
Price difference ($2,000 base) $38,183.61
CPI in 1871 12.200
CPI in 2017 245.120
Inflation in 1871 -6.87%
Inflation in 2017 2.13%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $2,000 since 1871

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $2,000 in 1871 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1871 $2,000.00 -6.87%
1872 $2,000.00 0.00%
1873 $1,967.21 -1.64%
1874 $1,868.85 -5.00%
1875 $1,803.28 -3.51%
1876 $1,754.10 -2.73%
1877 $1,721.31 -1.87%
1878 $1,639.34 -4.76%
1879 $1,639.34 0.00%
1880 $1,672.13 2.00%
1881 $1,672.13 0.00%
1882 $1,672.13 0.00%
1883 $1,655.74 -0.98%
1884 $1,606.56 -2.97%
1885 $1,590.16 -1.02%
1886 $1,540.98 -3.09%
1887 $1,557.38 1.06%
1888 $1,557.38 0.00%
1889 $1,508.20 -3.16%
1890 $1,491.80 -1.09%
1891 $1,491.80 0.00%
1892 $1,491.80 0.00%
1893 $1,475.41 -1.10%
1894 $1,409.84 -4.44%
1895 $1,377.05 -2.33%
1896 $1,377.05 0.00%
1897 $1,360.66 -1.19%
1898 $1,360.66 0.00%
1899 $1,360.66 0.00%
1900 $1,377.05 1.20%
1901 $1,393.44 1.19%
1902 $1,409.84 1.18%
1903 $1,442.62 2.33%
1904 $1,459.02 1.14%
1905 $1,442.62 -1.12%
1906 $1,475.41 2.27%
1907 $1,540.98 4.44%
1908 $1,508.20 -2.13%
1909 $1,491.80 -1.09%
1910 $1,557.38 4.40%
1911 $1,557.38 0.00%
1912 $1,590.16 2.11%
1913 $1,622.95 2.06%
1914 $1,639.34 1.01%
1915 $1,655.74 1.00%
1916 $1,786.89 7.92%
1917 $2,098.36 17.43%
1918 $2,475.41 17.97%
1919 $2,836.07 14.57%
1920 $3,278.69 15.61%
1921 $2,934.43 -10.50%
1922 $2,754.10 -6.15%
1923 $2,803.28 1.79%
1924 $2,803.28 0.00%
1925 $2,868.85 2.34%
1926 $2,901.64 1.14%
1927 $2,852.46 -1.69%
1928 $2,803.28 -1.72%
1929 $2,803.28 0.00%
1930 $2,737.70 -2.34%
1931 $2,491.80 -8.98%
1932 $2,245.90 -9.87%
1933 $2,131.15 -5.11%
1934 $2,196.72 3.08%
1935 $2,245.90 2.24%
1936 $2,278.69 1.46%
1937 $2,360.66 3.60%
1938 $2,311.48 -2.08%
1939 $2,278.69 -1.42%
1940 $2,295.08 0.72%
1941 $2,409.84 5.00%
1942 $2,672.13 10.88%
1943 $2,836.07 6.13%
1944 $2,885.25 1.73%
1945 $2,950.82 2.27%
1946 $3,196.72 8.33%
1947 $3,655.74 14.36%
1948 $3,950.82 8.07%
1949 $3,901.64 -1.24%
1950 $3,950.82 1.26%
1951 $4,262.30 7.88%
1952 $4,344.26 1.92%
1953 $4,377.05 0.75%
1954 $4,409.84 0.75%
1955 $4,393.44 -0.37%
1956 $4,459.02 1.49%
1957 $4,606.56 3.31%
1958 $4,737.70 2.85%
1959 $4,770.49 0.69%
1960 $4,852.46 1.72%
1961 $4,901.64 1.01%
1962 $4,950.82 1.00%
1963 $5,016.39 1.32%
1964 $5,081.97 1.31%
1965 $5,163.93 1.61%
1966 $5,311.48 2.86%
1967 $5,475.41 3.09%
1968 $5,704.92 4.19%
1969 $6,016.39 5.46%
1970 $6,360.66 5.72%
1971 $6,639.34 4.38%
1972 $6,852.46 3.21%
1973 $7,278.69 6.22%
1974 $8,081.97 11.04%
1975 $8,819.67 9.13%
1976 $9,327.87 5.76%
1977 $9,934.43 6.50%
1978 $10,688.52 7.59%
1979 $11,901.64 11.35%
1980 $13,508.20 13.50%
1981 $14,901.64 10.32%
1982 $15,819.67 6.16%
1983 $16,327.87 3.21%
1984 $17,032.79 4.32%
1985 $17,639.34 3.56%
1986 $17,967.21 1.86%
1987 $18,622.95 3.65%
1988 $19,393.44 4.14%
1989 $20,327.87 4.82%
1990 $21,426.23 5.40%
1991 $22,327.87 4.21%
1992 $23,000.00 3.01%
1993 $23,688.52 2.99%
1994 $24,295.08 2.56%
1995 $24,983.61 2.83%
1996 $25,721.31 2.95%
1997 $26,311.48 2.29%
1998 $26,721.31 1.56%
1999 $27,311.48 2.21%
2000 $28,229.51 3.36%
2001 $29,032.79 2.85%
2002 $29,491.80 1.58%
2003 $30,163.93 2.28%
2004 $30,967.21 2.66%
2005 $32,016.39 3.39%
2006 $33,049.18 3.23%
2007 $33,990.49 2.85%
2008 $35,295.57 3.84%
2009 $35,170.00 -0.36%
2010 $35,746.89 1.64%
2011 $36,875.25 3.16%
2012 $37,638.36 2.07%
2013 $38,189.67 1.46%
2014 $38,809.18 1.62%
2015 $38,855.25 0.12%
2016 $39,345.41 1.26%
2017 $40,183.61 2.13%
2018 $41,317.70 2.82%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £2,000.00 in 1871 would be equivalent to £223,881.25 in 2017, an absolute change of £221,881.25 and a cumulative change of 11,094.06%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $38,183.61 and total percent change of 1,909.18%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1871 and 2017.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.08% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $2,000 in 1871 → 2017
Food 3.15 9,175.96 185,519.26
Shelter 4.12 36,160.82 725,216.40
Energy 3.83 24,045.19 482,903.86
Apparel 2.07 1,894.09 39,881.71
New vehicles 1.09 390.02 9,800.30
Used cars and trucks 0.63 148.97 4,979.44
Transportation services 3.34 12,014.15 242,283.08
Medical care services 5.15 151,905.89 3,040,117.88
Medical care commodities 4.35 49,844.12 998,882.49

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1871. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $2,000, 1871 to 2017

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017CPI in 1871
×
1871 USD value
=
2017 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.2 in the year 1871 and 245.12 in 2017:

245.1212.2
×
$2,000
=
$40,183.61

$2,000 in 1871 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $40,183.61 in 2017.

To get the total inflation rate for the 146 years between 1871 and 2017, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2017 - CPI in 1871CPI in 1871
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (146 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

245.12 - 12.212.2
×
100
=
1,909%

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.08% has a compounding effect between 1871 and 2017. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 1,909.18% over 146 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $2,000 in the S&P 500 index in 1871, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $743,025,285.21 in 2017. This is a return on investment of 37,151,164.26%, with an absolute return of $743,023,285.21.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 95.02% of returns ($706,041,871.70) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $2,000 investment is $36,981,413.51.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1871-2017
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $2,000 $743,025,285.21 37,151,164.26%
Real
Inflation Adjusted
$2,000 $36,981,413.51 1,849,070.68%


News headlines from 1871

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The Second German Empire is proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck.
  • Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his expedition to Africa.
  • Revolutionaries brought to power in Paris after Municipal elections form Commune government.
  • French regular troops attack the Commune of Paris in a skirmish that left 17,000 dead.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$2,000 in 1871 → 2017 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 17 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1871-dollars-in-2017?amount=2000.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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