$3 in 1865 → $43.53 in 2018

Inflation Calculator

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U.S. Inflation Rate, 1865-2018 ($3)

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, the dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.76% per year. Prices in 2018 are 1351.0% higher than prices in 1865.

In other words, $3 in the year 1865 is equivalent in purchasing power to $43.53 in 2018, a difference of $40.53 over 153 years.

The current inflation rate in 2018 is 0.77%1. If this number holds, $3 today will be equivalent to $3.02 next year.

Inflation from 1865 to 2018
Cumulative price change 1351.00%
Average inflation rate 1.76%
Price difference ($3 base) $40.53
CPI in 2018 246.669


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Inflation rates for specific categories

Wireless telephone services · Medical care · Gasoline (all types) · More

Inflation-adjusted measures

S&P 500 price · S&P 500 earnings · Shiller P/E

News headlines from 1865

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • America abolishes slavery after Congress passes the 13th Amendment.
  • John Wilkes Booth assassinates President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater, in Washington.
  • The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad Street.
  • Columbia, South Carolina burns during the American Civil War.

Inflation Data Source

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$3 in 1865 → 2018 | Inflation Calculator.” FinanceRef Inflation Calculator, Alioth Finance, 19 Jan. 2018, http://www.in2013dollars.com/1865-dollars?amount=3.


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