$75 in 1865 → $1,127.85 in 2017

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👉 You may be interested in $75 in 1865 → 2018

U.S. Inflation Rate, $75 in 1865 to 2017

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2017 are 1,403.80% higher than prices in 1865. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.80% per year during this period.

In other words, $75 in 1865 is equivalent in purchasing power to $1,127.85 in 2017, a difference of $1,052.85 over 152 years.

The 1865 inflation rate was 3.82%. The inflation rate in 2017 was 2.13%. The 2017 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 3.17% per year between 2017 and 2018.


Inflation from 1865 to 2017
Cumulative price change 1,403.80%
Average inflation rate 1.80%
Converted amount ($75 base) $1,127.85
Price difference ($75 base) $1,052.85
CPI in 1865 16.300
CPI in 2017 245.120
Inflation in 1865 3.82%
Inflation in 2017 2.13%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $75 since 1865

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $75 in 1865 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1865 $75.00 3.82%
1866 $73.16 -2.45%
1867 $68.10 -6.92%
1868 $65.34 -4.05%
1869 $62.58 -4.23%
1870 $60.28 -3.68%
1871 $56.13 -6.87%
1872 $56.13 0.00%
1873 $55.21 -1.64%
1874 $52.45 -5.00%
1875 $50.61 -3.51%
1876 $49.23 -2.73%
1877 $48.31 -1.87%
1878 $46.01 -4.76%
1879 $46.01 0.00%
1880 $46.93 2.00%
1881 $46.93 0.00%
1882 $46.93 0.00%
1883 $46.47 -0.98%
1884 $45.09 -2.97%
1885 $44.63 -1.02%
1886 $43.25 -3.09%
1887 $43.71 1.06%
1888 $43.71 0.00%
1889 $42.33 -3.16%
1890 $41.87 -1.09%
1891 $41.87 0.00%
1892 $41.87 0.00%
1893 $41.41 -1.10%
1894 $39.57 -4.44%
1895 $38.65 -2.33%
1896 $38.65 0.00%
1897 $38.19 -1.19%
1898 $38.19 0.00%
1899 $38.19 0.00%
1900 $38.65 1.20%
1901 $39.11 1.19%
1902 $39.57 1.18%
1903 $40.49 2.33%
1904 $40.95 1.14%
1905 $40.49 -1.12%
1906 $41.41 2.27%
1907 $43.25 4.44%
1908 $42.33 -2.13%
1909 $41.87 -1.09%
1910 $43.71 4.40%
1911 $43.71 0.00%
1912 $44.63 2.11%
1913 $45.55 2.06%
1914 $46.01 1.01%
1915 $46.47 1.00%
1916 $50.15 7.92%
1917 $58.90 17.43%
1918 $69.48 17.97%
1919 $79.60 14.57%
1920 $92.02 15.61%
1921 $82.36 -10.50%
1922 $77.30 -6.15%
1923 $78.68 1.79%
1924 $78.68 0.00%
1925 $80.52 2.34%
1926 $81.44 1.14%
1927 $80.06 -1.69%
1928 $78.68 -1.72%
1929 $78.68 0.00%
1930 $76.84 -2.34%
1931 $69.94 -8.98%
1932 $63.04 -9.87%
1933 $59.82 -5.11%
1934 $61.66 3.08%
1935 $63.04 2.24%
1936 $63.96 1.46%
1937 $66.26 3.60%
1938 $64.88 -2.08%
1939 $63.96 -1.42%
1940 $64.42 0.72%
1941 $67.64 5.00%
1942 $75.00 10.88%
1943 $79.60 6.13%
1944 $80.98 1.73%
1945 $82.82 2.27%
1946 $89.72 8.33%
1947 $102.61 14.36%
1948 $110.89 8.07%
1949 $109.51 -1.24%
1950 $110.89 1.26%
1951 $119.63 7.88%
1952 $121.93 1.92%
1953 $122.85 0.75%
1954 $123.77 0.75%
1955 $123.31 -0.37%
1956 $125.15 1.49%
1957 $129.29 3.31%
1958 $132.98 2.85%
1959 $133.90 0.69%
1960 $136.20 1.72%
1961 $137.58 1.01%
1962 $138.96 1.00%
1963 $140.80 1.32%
1964 $142.64 1.31%
1965 $144.94 1.61%
1966 $149.08 2.86%
1967 $153.68 3.09%
1968 $160.12 4.19%
1969 $168.87 5.46%
1970 $178.53 5.72%
1971 $186.35 4.38%
1972 $192.33 3.21%
1973 $204.29 6.22%
1974 $226.84 11.04%
1975 $247.55 9.13%
1976 $261.81 5.76%
1977 $278.83 6.50%
1978 $300.00 7.59%
1979 $334.05 11.35%
1980 $379.14 13.50%
1981 $418.25 10.32%
1982 $444.02 6.16%
1983 $458.28 3.21%
1984 $478.07 4.32%
1985 $495.09 3.56%
1986 $504.29 1.86%
1987 $522.70 3.65%
1988 $544.33 4.14%
1989 $570.55 4.82%
1990 $601.38 5.40%
1991 $626.69 4.21%
1992 $645.55 3.01%
1993 $664.88 2.99%
1994 $681.90 2.56%
1995 $701.23 2.83%
1996 $721.93 2.95%
1997 $738.50 2.29%
1998 $750.00 1.56%
1999 $766.56 2.21%
2000 $792.33 3.36%
2001 $814.88 2.85%
2002 $827.76 1.58%
2003 $846.63 2.28%
2004 $869.17 2.66%
2005 $898.62 3.39%
2006 $927.61 3.23%
2007 $954.03 2.85%
2008 $990.66 3.84%
2009 $987.13 -0.36%
2010 $1,003.33 1.64%
2011 $1,035.00 3.16%
2012 $1,056.41 2.07%
2013 $1,071.89 1.46%
2014 $1,089.28 1.62%
2015 $1,090.57 0.12%
2016 $1,104.33 1.26%
2017 $1,127.85 2.13%
2018 $1,163.58 3.17%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £75.00 in 1865 would be equivalent to £8,955.25 in 2017, an absolute change of £8,880.25 and a cumulative change of 11,840.33%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $1,052.85 and total percent change of 1,403.80%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1865 and 2017.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.80% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $75 in 1865 → 2017
Food 3.15 11,074.02 8,380.51
Shelter 4.12 46,097.66 34,648.25
Energy 3.83 30,152.08 22,689.06
Apparel 2.07 2,155.06 1,691.29
New vehicles 1.09 423.09 392.32
Used cars and trucks 0.63 158.48 193.86
Transportation services 3.34 14,653.94 11,065.45
Medical care services 5.15 205,310.11 154,057.58
Medical care commodities 4.35 64,373.47 48,355.10

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1865. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $75, 1865 to 2017

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017CPI in 1865
×
1865 USD value
=
2017 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 16.3 in the year 1865 and 245.12 in 2017:

245.1216.3
×
$75
=
$1,127.85

$75 in 1865 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $1,127.85 in 2017.

To get the total inflation rate for the 152 years between 1865 and 2017, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2017 - CPI in 1865CPI in 1865
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (152 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

245.12 - 16.316.3
×
100
=
1,404%

News headlines from 1865

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • America abolishes slavery after Congress passes the 13th Amendment.
  • John Wilkes Booth assassinates President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theater, in Washington.
  • The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad Street.
  • Columbia, South Carolina burns during the American Civil War.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$75 in 1865 → 2017 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 12 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1865-dollars-in-2017?amount=75.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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