$1 in 1860 → $28.56 in 2015

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👉 You may be interested in $1 in 1860 → 2018

U.S. Inflation Rate, $1 in 1860 to 2015

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2015 are 2,755.63% higher than prices in 1860. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.19% per year during this period.

In other words, $1 in 1860 is equivalent in purchasing power to $28.56 in 2015, a difference of $27.56 over 155 years.

The 1860 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 2015 was 0.12%. The 2015 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.18% per year between 2015 and 2018.


Inflation from 1860 to 2015
Cumulative price change 2,755.63%
Average inflation rate 2.19%
Converted amount ($1 base) $28.56
Price difference ($1 base) $27.56
CPI in 1860 8.300
CPI in 2015 237.017
Inflation in 1860 0.00%
Inflation in 2015 0.12%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $1 since 1860

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $1 in 1860 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1860 $1.00 -
1861 $1.06 6.02%
1862 $1.22 14.77%
1863 $1.52 24.75%
1864 $1.89 24.60%
1865 $1.96 3.82%
1866 $1.92 -2.45%
1867 $1.78 -6.92%
1868 $1.71 -4.05%
1869 $1.64 -4.23%
1870 $1.58 -3.68%
1871 $1.47 -6.87%
1872 $1.47 0.00%
1873 $1.45 -1.64%
1874 $1.37 -5.00%
1875 $1.33 -3.51%
1876 $1.29 -2.73%
1877 $1.27 -1.87%
1878 $1.20 -4.76%
1879 $1.20 0.00%
1880 $1.23 2.00%
1881 $1.23 0.00%
1882 $1.23 0.00%
1883 $1.22 -0.98%
1884 $1.18 -2.97%
1885 $1.17 -1.02%
1886 $1.13 -3.09%
1887 $1.14 1.06%
1888 $1.14 0.00%
1889 $1.11 -3.16%
1890 $1.10 -1.09%
1891 $1.10 0.00%
1892 $1.10 0.00%
1893 $1.08 -1.10%
1894 $1.04 -4.44%
1895 $1.01 -2.33%
1896 $1.01 0.00%
1897 $1.00 -1.19%
1898 $1.00 0.00%
1899 $1.00 0.00%
1900 $1.01 1.20%
1901 $1.02 1.19%
1902 $1.04 1.18%
1903 $1.06 2.33%
1904 $1.07 1.14%
1905 $1.06 -1.12%
1906 $1.08 2.27%
1907 $1.13 4.44%
1908 $1.11 -2.13%
1909 $1.10 -1.09%
1910 $1.14 4.40%
1911 $1.14 0.00%
1912 $1.17 2.11%
1913 $1.19 2.06%
1914 $1.20 1.01%
1915 $1.22 1.00%
1916 $1.31 7.92%
1917 $1.54 17.43%
1918 $1.82 17.97%
1919 $2.08 14.57%
1920 $2.41 15.61%
1921 $2.16 -10.50%
1922 $2.02 -6.15%
1923 $2.06 1.79%
1924 $2.06 0.00%
1925 $2.11 2.34%
1926 $2.13 1.14%
1927 $2.10 -1.69%
1928 $2.06 -1.72%
1929 $2.06 0.00%
1930 $2.01 -2.34%
1931 $1.83 -8.98%
1932 $1.65 -9.87%
1933 $1.57 -5.11%
1934 $1.61 3.08%
1935 $1.65 2.24%
1936 $1.67 1.46%
1937 $1.73 3.60%
1938 $1.70 -2.08%
1939 $1.67 -1.42%
1940 $1.69 0.72%
1941 $1.77 5.00%
1942 $1.96 10.88%
1943 $2.08 6.13%
1944 $2.12 1.73%
1945 $2.17 2.27%
1946 $2.35 8.33%
1947 $2.69 14.36%
1948 $2.90 8.07%
1949 $2.87 -1.24%
1950 $2.90 1.26%
1951 $3.13 7.88%
1952 $3.19 1.92%
1953 $3.22 0.75%
1954 $3.24 0.75%
1955 $3.23 -0.37%
1956 $3.28 1.49%
1957 $3.39 3.31%
1958 $3.48 2.85%
1959 $3.51 0.69%
1960 $3.57 1.72%
1961 $3.60 1.01%
1962 $3.64 1.00%
1963 $3.69 1.32%
1964 $3.73 1.31%
1965 $3.80 1.61%
1966 $3.90 2.86%
1967 $4.02 3.09%
1968 $4.19 4.19%
1969 $4.42 5.46%
1970 $4.67 5.72%
1971 $4.88 4.38%
1972 $5.04 3.21%
1973 $5.35 6.22%
1974 $5.94 11.04%
1975 $6.48 9.13%
1976 $6.86 5.76%
1977 $7.30 6.50%
1978 $7.86 7.59%
1979 $8.75 11.35%
1980 $9.93 13.50%
1981 $10.95 10.32%
1982 $11.63 6.16%
1983 $12.00 3.21%
1984 $12.52 4.32%
1985 $12.96 3.56%
1986 $13.20 1.86%
1987 $13.69 3.65%
1988 $14.25 4.14%
1989 $14.94 4.82%
1990 $15.75 5.40%
1991 $16.41 4.21%
1992 $16.90 3.01%
1993 $17.41 2.99%
1994 $17.86 2.56%
1995 $18.36 2.83%
1996 $18.90 2.95%
1997 $19.34 2.29%
1998 $19.64 1.56%
1999 $20.07 2.21%
2000 $20.75 3.36%
2001 $21.34 2.85%
2002 $21.67 1.58%
2003 $22.17 2.28%
2004 $22.76 2.66%
2005 $23.53 3.39%
2006 $24.29 3.23%
2007 $24.98 2.85%
2008 $25.94 3.84%
2009 $25.85 -0.36%
2010 $26.27 1.64%
2011 $27.10 3.16%
2012 $27.66 2.07%
2013 $28.07 1.46%
2014 $28.52 1.62%
2015 $28.56 0.12%
2016 $28.92 1.26%
2017 $29.53 2.13%
2018 $30.47 3.17%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1860 would be equivalent to £109.68 in 2015, an absolute change of £108.68 and a cumulative change of 10,867.74%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $27.56 and total percent change of 2,755.63%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1860 and 2015.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.19% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1860 → 2015
Food 3.20 13,145.75 132.46
Shelter 4.14 53,978.79 540.79
Energy 3.95 40,147.13 402.47
Apparel 2.11 2,461.21 25.61
New vehicles 1.17 505.53 6.06
Used cars and trucks 0.87 282.46 3.82
Transportation services 3.35 16,410.04 165.10
Medical care services 5.20 256,934.02 2,570.34
Medical care commodities 4.40 79,006.44 791.06

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1860. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1, 1860 to 2015

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2015CPI in 1860
×
1860 USD value
=
2015 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.3 in the year 1860 and 237.017 in 2015:

237.0178.3
×
$1
=
$28.56

$1 in 1860 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $28.56 in 2015.

To get the total inflation rate for the 155 years between 1860 and 2015, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2015 - CPI in 1860CPI in 1860
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (155 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

237.017 - 8.38.3
×
100
=
2,756%

News headlines from 1860

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Abraham Lincoln becomes the 16th President of the U.S.
  • Slavery ends in the Dutch East Indies.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$1 in 1860 → 2015 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 5 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1860-dollars-in-2015?amount=1.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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