# \$100,000 in 1850 → \$3,227,076.92 in 2019

## Inflation Calculator

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### U.S. Inflation Rate, \$100,000 in 1850 to 2019

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2019 are 3,127.08% higher than average prices throughout 1850. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.08% per year during this period.

In other words, \$100,000 in 1850 is equivalent in purchasing power to \$3,227,076.92 in 2019, a difference of \$3,127,076.92 over 169 years.

The 1850 inflation rate was 1.30%. The current inflation rate (2018 to 2019) is now 1.55%1. If this number holds, \$100,000 today will be equivalent to \$101,551.24 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.

 Cumulative price change 3,127.08% Average inflation rate 2.08% Converted amount (\$100,000 base) \$3,227,076.92 Price difference (\$100,000 base) \$3,127,076.92 CPI in 1850 7.800 CPI in 2019 251.712 Inflation in 1850 1.30% Inflation in 2019 1.55%

### Buying power of \$100,000 in 1850

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for \$100,000 in 1850 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1850 \$100,000.00 1.30%
1851 \$98,717.95 -1.28%
1852 \$98,717.95 0.00%
1853 \$98,717.95 0.00%
1854 \$107,692.31 9.09%
1855 \$111,538.46 3.57%
1856 \$108,974.36 -2.30%
1857 \$111,538.46 2.35%
1858 \$105,128.21 -5.75%
1859 \$106,410.26 1.22%
1860 \$106,410.26 0.00%
1861 \$112,820.51 6.02%
1862 \$129,487.18 14.77%
1863 \$161,538.46 24.75%
1864 \$201,282.05 24.60%
1865 \$208,974.36 3.82%
1866 \$203,846.15 -2.45%
1867 \$189,743.59 -6.92%
1868 \$182,051.28 -4.05%
1869 \$174,358.97 -4.23%
1870 \$167,948.72 -3.68%
1871 \$156,410.26 -6.87%
1872 \$156,410.26 0.00%
1873 \$153,846.15 -1.64%
1874 \$146,153.85 -5.00%
1875 \$141,025.64 -3.51%
1876 \$137,179.49 -2.73%
1877 \$134,615.38 -1.87%
1878 \$128,205.13 -4.76%
1879 \$128,205.13 0.00%
1880 \$130,769.23 2.00%
1881 \$130,769.23 0.00%
1882 \$130,769.23 0.00%
1883 \$129,487.18 -0.98%
1884 \$125,641.03 -2.97%
1885 \$124,358.97 -1.02%
1886 \$120,512.82 -3.09%
1887 \$121,794.87 1.06%
1888 \$121,794.87 0.00%
1889 \$117,948.72 -3.16%
1890 \$116,666.67 -1.09%
1891 \$116,666.67 0.00%
1892 \$116,666.67 0.00%
1893 \$115,384.62 -1.10%
1894 \$110,256.41 -4.44%
1895 \$107,692.31 -2.33%
1896 \$107,692.31 0.00%
1897 \$106,410.26 -1.19%
1898 \$106,410.26 0.00%
1899 \$106,410.26 0.00%
1900 \$107,692.31 1.20%
1901 \$108,974.36 1.19%
1902 \$110,256.41 1.18%
1903 \$112,820.51 2.33%
1904 \$114,102.56 1.14%
1905 \$112,820.51 -1.12%
1906 \$115,384.62 2.27%
1907 \$120,512.82 4.44%
1908 \$117,948.72 -2.13%
1909 \$116,666.67 -1.09%
1910 \$121,794.87 4.40%
1911 \$121,794.87 0.00%
1912 \$124,358.97 2.11%
1913 \$126,923.08 2.06%
1914 \$128,205.13 1.01%
1915 \$129,487.18 1.00%
1916 \$139,743.59 7.92%
1917 \$164,102.56 17.43%
1918 \$193,589.74 17.97%
1919 \$221,794.87 14.57%
1920 \$256,410.26 15.61%
1921 \$229,487.18 -10.50%
1922 \$215,384.62 -6.15%
1923 \$219,230.77 1.79%
1924 \$219,230.77 0.00%
1925 \$224,358.97 2.34%
1926 \$226,923.08 1.14%
1927 \$223,076.92 -1.69%
1928 \$219,230.77 -1.72%
1929 \$219,230.77 0.00%
1930 \$214,102.56 -2.34%
1931 \$194,871.79 -8.98%
1932 \$175,641.03 -9.87%
1933 \$166,666.67 -5.11%
1934 \$171,794.87 3.08%
1935 \$175,641.03 2.24%
1936 \$178,205.13 1.46%
1937 \$184,615.38 3.60%
1938 \$180,769.23 -2.08%
1939 \$178,205.13 -1.42%
1940 \$179,487.18 0.72%
1941 \$188,461.54 5.00%
1942 \$208,974.36 10.88%
1943 \$221,794.87 6.13%
1944 \$225,641.03 1.73%
1945 \$230,769.23 2.27%
1946 \$250,000.00 8.33%
1947 \$285,897.44 14.36%
1948 \$308,974.36 8.07%
1949 \$305,128.21 -1.24%
1950 \$308,974.36 1.26%
1951 \$333,333.33 7.88%
1952 \$339,743.59 1.92%
1953 \$342,307.69 0.75%
1954 \$344,871.79 0.75%
1955 \$343,589.74 -0.37%
1956 \$348,717.95 1.49%
1957 \$360,256.41 3.31%
1958 \$370,512.82 2.85%
1959 \$373,076.92 0.69%
1960 \$379,487.18 1.72%
1961 \$383,333.33 1.01%
1962 \$387,179.49 1.00%
1963 \$392,307.69 1.32%
1964 \$397,435.90 1.31%
1965 \$403,846.15 1.61%
1966 \$415,384.62 2.86%
1967 \$428,205.13 3.09%
1968 \$446,153.85 4.19%
1969 \$470,512.82 5.46%
1970 \$497,435.90 5.72%
1971 \$519,230.77 4.38%
1972 \$535,897.44 3.21%
1973 \$569,230.77 6.22%
1974 \$632,051.28 11.04%
1975 \$689,743.59 9.13%
1976 \$729,487.18 5.76%
1977 \$776,923.08 6.50%
1978 \$835,897.44 7.59%
1979 \$930,769.23 11.35%
1980 \$1,056,410.26 13.50%
1981 \$1,165,384.62 10.32%
1982 \$1,237,179.49 6.16%
1983 \$1,276,923.08 3.21%
1984 \$1,332,051.28 4.32%
1985 \$1,379,487.18 3.56%
1986 \$1,405,128.21 1.86%
1987 \$1,456,410.26 3.65%
1988 \$1,516,666.67 4.14%
1989 \$1,589,743.59 4.82%
1990 \$1,675,641.03 5.40%
1991 \$1,746,153.85 4.21%
1992 \$1,798,717.95 3.01%
1993 \$1,852,564.10 2.99%
1994 \$1,900,000.00 2.56%
1995 \$1,953,846.15 2.83%
1996 \$2,011,538.46 2.95%
1997 \$2,057,692.31 2.29%
1998 \$2,089,743.59 1.56%
1999 \$2,135,897.44 2.21%
2000 \$2,207,692.31 3.36%
2001 \$2,270,512.82 2.85%
2002 \$2,306,410.26 1.58%
2003 \$2,358,974.36 2.28%
2004 \$2,421,794.87 2.66%
2005 \$2,503,846.15 3.39%
2006 \$2,584,615.38 3.23%
2007 \$2,658,230.77 2.85%
2008 \$2,760,294.87 3.84%
2009 \$2,750,474.36 -0.36%
2010 \$2,795,589.74 1.64%
2011 \$2,883,833.33 3.16%
2012 \$2,943,512.82 2.07%
2013 \$2,986,628.21 1.46%
2014 \$3,035,076.92 1.62%
2015 \$3,038,679.49 0.12%
2016 \$3,077,012.82 1.26%
2017 \$3,142,564.10 2.13%
2018 \$3,219,318.38 2.44%
2019 \$3,227,076.92 0.24%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

### Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100,000.00 in 1850 would be equivalent to £13,350,262.27 in 2019, an absolute change of £13,250,262.27 and a cumulative change of 13,250.26%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$3,127,076.92 and total percent change of 3,127.08%.

### Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1850 and 2019.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.08% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$100,000 in 1850 → 2019
Food 3.12 17,751.99 17,851,987.63
Shelter 4.07 84,555.77 84,655,767.99
Energy 3.72 47,916.55 48,016,549.79
Apparel 2.01 2,772.76 2,872,762.53
New vehicles 1.05 482.18 582,176.40
Used cars and trucks 0.61 179.92 279,922.16
Transportation services 4.02 77,458.35 77,558,353.96
Medical care services 5.07 423,933.88 424,033,875.54
Medical care commodities 3.00 14,683.52 14,783,515.33

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1850. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.

### How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$100,000 since 1850

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2019CPI in 1850
×
1850 USD value
=
2019 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 7.8 in the year 1850 and 251.712 in 2019:

251.7127.8
×
\$100,000
=
\$3,227,076.92

\$100,000 in 1850 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$3,227,076.92 in 2019.

To get the total inflation rate for the 169 years between 1850 and 2019, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2019 - CPI in 1850CPI in 1850
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (169 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

251.712 - 7.87.8
×
100
=
3,127%

### News headlines from 1850

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• The first National Women's Rights Convention takes place in Wocester, Massachusetts.
• The California Exchange is opened.
• Britain blockades Piraeus, a Greek port.
• The HMS Investigator sets sail from Woolwich, England, becoming the first ship to explore the Northwest Passage.

### Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$100,000 in 1850 → 2019 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 21 Feb. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/1850-dollars?amount=100000.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.