$100 in 1790 → $101.09 in 1787

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1790 to 1787

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 1787 are 1.09% higher than prices in 1790. The dollar experienced an average deflation rate of -0.36% per year during this period.

In other words, $100 in 1790 is equivalent in purchasing power to $101.09 in 1787, a difference of $1.09 over 3 years.

The 1787 inflation rate was -2.11%. The inflation rate in 1790 was 4.55%. The 1790 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 1.46% per year between 1790 and 2018.


Inflation from 1790 to 1787
Cumulative price change 1.09%
Average inflation rate -0.36%
Converted amount ($100 base) $101.09
Price difference ($100 base) $1.09
CPI in 1790 9.200
CPI in 1787 9.300
Inflation in 1787 -2.11%
Inflation in 1790 4.55%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $100 since 1787

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $100 in 1787 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1787 $100.00 -2.11%
1788 $95.70 -4.30%
1789 $94.62 -1.12%
1790 $98.92 4.55%
1791 $101.08 2.17%
1792 $103.23 2.13%
1793 $106.45 3.13%
1794 $118.28 11.11%
1795 $135.48 14.55%
1796 $141.94 4.76%
1797 $136.56 -3.79%
1798 $132.26 -3.15%
1799 $132.26 0.00%
1800 $135.48 2.44%
1801 $136.56 0.79%
1802 $115.05 -15.75%
1803 $121.51 5.61%
1804 $126.88 4.42%
1805 $125.81 -0.85%
1806 $131.18 4.27%
1807 $124.73 -4.92%
1808 $135.48 8.62%
1809 $132.26 -2.38%
1810 $132.26 0.00%
1811 $140.86 6.50%
1812 $143.01 1.53%
1813 $172.04 20.30%
1814 $189.25 10.00%
1815 $165.59 -12.50%
1816 $151.61 -8.44%
1817 $143.01 -5.67%
1818 $136.56 -4.51%
1819 $136.56 0.00%
1820 $125.81 -7.87%
1821 $121.51 -3.42%
1822 $125.81 3.54%
1823 $112.90 -10.26%
1824 $104.30 -7.62%
1825 $106.45 2.06%
1826 $106.45 0.00%
1827 $107.53 1.01%
1828 $102.15 -5.00%
1829 $100.00 -2.11%
1830 $98.92 -1.08%
1831 $93.55 -5.43%
1832 $92.47 -1.15%
1833 $90.32 -2.33%
1834 $92.47 2.38%
1835 $94.62 2.33%
1836 $100.00 5.68%
1837 $103.23 3.23%
1838 $100.00 -3.12%
1839 $100.00 0.00%
1840 $93.55 -6.45%
1841 $93.55 0.00%
1842 $88.17 -5.75%
1843 $79.57 -9.76%
1844 $80.65 1.35%
1845 $81.72 1.33%
1846 $82.80 1.32%
1847 $88.17 6.49%
1848 $84.95 -3.66%
1849 $82.80 -2.53%
1850 $83.87 1.30%
1851 $82.80 -1.28%
1852 $82.80 0.00%
1853 $82.80 0.00%
1854 $90.32 9.09%
1855 $93.55 3.57%
1856 $91.40 -2.30%
1857 $93.55 2.35%
1858 $88.17 -5.75%
1859 $89.25 1.22%
1860 $89.25 0.00%
1861 $94.62 6.02%
1862 $108.60 14.77%
1863 $135.48 24.75%
1864 $168.82 24.60%
1865 $175.27 3.82%
1866 $170.97 -2.45%
1867 $159.14 -6.92%
1868 $152.69 -4.05%
1869 $146.24 -4.23%
1870 $140.86 -3.68%
1871 $131.18 -6.87%
1872 $131.18 0.00%
1873 $129.03 -1.64%
1874 $122.58 -5.00%
1875 $118.28 -3.51%
1876 $115.05 -2.73%
1877 $112.90 -1.87%
1878 $107.53 -4.76%
1879 $107.53 0.00%
1880 $109.68 2.00%
1881 $109.68 0.00%
1882 $109.68 0.00%
1883 $108.60 -0.98%
1884 $105.38 -2.97%
1885 $104.30 -1.02%
1886 $101.08 -3.09%
1887 $102.15 1.06%
1888 $102.15 0.00%
1889 $98.92 -3.16%
1890 $97.85 -1.09%
1891 $97.85 0.00%
1892 $97.85 0.00%
1893 $96.77 -1.10%
1894 $92.47 -4.44%
1895 $90.32 -2.33%
1896 $90.32 0.00%
1897 $89.25 -1.19%
1898 $89.25 0.00%
1899 $89.25 0.00%
1900 $90.32 1.20%
1901 $91.40 1.19%
1902 $92.47 1.18%
1903 $94.62 2.33%
1904 $95.70 1.14%
1905 $94.62 -1.12%
1906 $96.77 2.27%
1907 $101.08 4.44%
1908 $98.92 -2.13%
1909 $97.85 -1.09%
1910 $102.15 4.40%
1911 $102.15 0.00%
1912 $104.30 2.11%
1913 $106.45 2.06%
1914 $107.53 1.01%
1915 $108.60 1.00%
1916 $117.20 7.92%
1917 $137.63 17.43%
1918 $162.37 17.97%
1919 $186.02 14.57%
1920 $215.05 15.61%
1921 $192.47 -10.50%
1922 $180.65 -6.15%
1923 $183.87 1.79%
1924 $183.87 0.00%
1925 $188.17 2.34%
1926 $190.32 1.14%
1927 $187.10 -1.69%
1928 $183.87 -1.72%
1929 $183.87 0.00%
1930 $179.57 -2.34%
1931 $163.44 -8.98%
1932 $147.31 -9.87%
1933 $139.78 -5.11%
1934 $144.09 3.08%
1935 $147.31 2.24%
1936 $149.46 1.46%
1937 $154.84 3.60%
1938 $151.61 -2.08%
1939 $149.46 -1.42%
1940 $150.54 0.72%
1941 $158.06 5.00%
1942 $175.27 10.88%
1943 $186.02 6.13%
1944 $189.25 1.73%
1945 $193.55 2.27%
1946 $209.68 8.33%
1947 $239.78 14.36%
1948 $259.14 8.07%
1949 $255.91 -1.24%
1950 $259.14 1.26%
1951 $279.57 7.88%
1952 $284.95 1.92%
1953 $287.10 0.75%
1954 $289.25 0.75%
1955 $288.17 -0.37%
1956 $292.47 1.49%
1957 $302.15 3.31%
1958 $310.75 2.85%
1959 $312.90 0.69%
1960 $318.28 1.72%
1961 $321.51 1.01%
1962 $324.73 1.00%
1963 $329.03 1.32%
1964 $333.33 1.31%
1965 $338.71 1.61%
1966 $348.39 2.86%
1967 $359.14 3.09%
1968 $374.19 4.19%
1969 $394.62 5.46%
1970 $417.20 5.72%
1971 $435.48 4.38%
1972 $449.46 3.21%
1973 $477.42 6.22%
1974 $530.11 11.04%
1975 $578.49 9.13%
1976 $611.83 5.76%
1977 $651.61 6.50%
1978 $701.08 7.59%
1979 $780.65 11.35%
1980 $886.02 13.50%
1981 $977.42 10.32%
1982 $1,037.63 6.16%
1983 $1,070.97 3.21%
1984 $1,117.20 4.32%
1985 $1,156.99 3.56%
1986 $1,178.49 1.86%
1987 $1,221.51 3.65%
1988 $1,272.04 4.14%
1989 $1,333.33 4.82%
1990 $1,405.38 5.40%
1991 $1,464.52 4.21%
1992 $1,508.60 3.01%
1993 $1,553.76 2.99%
1994 $1,593.55 2.56%
1995 $1,638.71 2.83%
1996 $1,687.10 2.95%
1997 $1,725.81 2.29%
1998 $1,752.69 1.56%
1999 $1,791.40 2.21%
2000 $1,851.61 3.36%
2001 $1,904.30 2.85%
2002 $1,934.41 1.58%
2003 $1,978.49 2.28%
2004 $2,031.18 2.66%
2005 $2,100.00 3.39%
2006 $2,167.74 3.23%
2007 $2,229.48 2.85%
2008 $2,315.09 3.84%
2009 $2,306.85 -0.36%
2010 $2,344.69 1.64%
2011 $2,418.70 3.16%
2012 $2,468.75 2.07%
2013 $2,504.91 1.46%
2014 $2,545.55 1.62%
2015 $2,548.57 0.12%
2016 $2,580.72 1.26%
2017 $2,635.70 2.13%
2018 $2,719.19 3.17%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1790 would be equivalent to £96.00 in 1787, an absolute change of £-4.00 and a cumulative change of -4.00%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $1.09 and total percent change of 1.09%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1790 and 1787.

Compare these values to the overall average of -0.36% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 1787 → 1790
Food 0.00 0.00 100.00
Shelter 0.00 0.00 100.00
Energy 0.00 0.00 100.00
Apparel 0.00 0.00 100.00
New vehicles 0.00 0.00 100.00
Used cars and trucks 0.00 0.00 100.00
Transportation services 0.00 0.00 100.00
Medical care services 0.00 0.00 100.00
Medical care commodities 0.00 0.00 100.00

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1790. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100, 1787 to 1790

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 1787CPI in 1790
×
1790 USD value
=
1787 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 9.2 in the year 1790 and 9.3 in 1787:

9.39.2
×
$100
=
$101.09

$100 in 1790 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $101.09 in 1787.

To get the total inflation rate for the 3 years between 1787 and 1790, we use the following formula:

CPI in 1787 - CPI in 1790CPI in 1790
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (3 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

9.3 - 9.29.2
×
100
=
1%

News headlines from 1787

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • George Washington, delivers his first State of the Union address as president.
  • The Swedish navy capture a third of the Russian fleet in the Second Battle of Svensksund.
  • Columbia Rediviva, returns to Boston, having become the first American ship to circumnavigate the world.
  • Turkish fortress of Izmail, thought to be impenetrable, is captured by the Russians under the command of Suvorov.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$100 in 1790 → 1787 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 17 Nov. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1790-dollars-in-1787?amount=100.

in2013dollars.com is a reference website maintained by the Official Data Foundation.


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